Authors: Heba Attia Mousa and Tu-My Tran
This November, the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27 will take place in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. Both the transport sector and urbanization continue to gain precedence at the annual conference. The transport sector is the most heavily reliant sector on fossil fuels. According to the 2022 IPCC report, the sector is accountable for 20% of energy-related GHG emissions. It is a matter of grave urgency to accelerate the shift of the transport sector to be 100% emission-free
COP26 in Glasgow put the ZEVs (Zero Electric Vehicles) at the center of the transport sector discussions. The breakthrough goal was to make ZEVs the new normal, accessible, affordable, and sustainable mode of transport in all regions by 2030. The sector has set ambitious goals for the electrification of cars, vans, buses, and trucks by 2030. However, the gap is huge between the reality of electric cars in 2021 (1.3% of cars on the ground) and the target of 20-25% by 2030.
This year, the conference is taking an inclusive approach to urban mobility. The conference addresses walking, cycling, and public transport as key solutions towards the just transition of mobility. Meanwhile, the electrification of transport is still on the agenda. As COP27 is “Africa’s COP”, it will primarily address the challenges that face cities in the global South, on the road to decarbonized urban mobility. This includes financing urban mobility, infrastructure deficits, and justice.